Hearing aid promises greater clarity
New research is aiming to produce hearing aids which can distinguish better between speech and background noise.
Conventional hearing aids amplify speech and noise and as such make it difficult for the user to distinguish meaningful signals – such as speech – from background noise.
To overcome this barrier, researchers from the Universities of Southampton and Cambridge will use knowledge generated from neuronal brainstem recordings to design novel signal processing strategies.
By designing this physiological-based algorithm, which mimics how the brain hears sound, the team will be able to identify how individual neurons in the brain stem respond to sound and distinguish meaningful signals from noise.
According to Southampton University, this ‘sparse coding’ identification will make it possible for the scientists to reduce levels of noise while increasing speech intelligibility.
Dr Stefan Bleeck, from the Institute of Sound and Vibration Research (ISVR) at Southampton University said, ‘Our central hypothesis is that the brain uses sparse coding when distinguishing meaningful signals from noise and it uses a dynamic dictionary for sound representation.
‘Neurons adapt their response because they have a limited dynamic rate which they constantly optimise in response to noise in order to reduce redundancy and to maximise the information flow.
March 11, 2013
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